Gasherbrum I, also known as Hidden Peak reaches a height of 8068 m. It is part of the Gasherbrum group in the Karakorum. It is called Hidden Peak because it is hidden behind one of the most impressive walls, the west flank of the Gasherbrum IV. The name Gasherbrum means 'Shining wall'.
History of the
exploration of Gasherbrum I
1889-1929: The Gasherbrum-group is surveyed and photographed by British and Italian explorers. M. Conway introduces the names 'Hidden Peak' and Gasherbrum II.
1934: A big international expedition, organized by the Swiss G.O. Dyhrenfurth, explores both peaks. Two climbers makes it to a height of 6300 m.
1936: A french expedition reaches 6900 m.
1958: An American expedition, headed by N.Clinch and P.Schoening, climbs the summit for the very first time. On the way crossing the south spur, they use short ski and snow shoes. P.Schoening and A.Kauffman summit on 4th of July.
1975: As two-man-expedition, R. Messner and P. Habeler reach the summit via the northwest route. One day later, they are followed by three Austrians on the same route.
1977: The fourth successful ascent to the Hidden Peak by two climbers from the former Yugoslavia. D. Bregar is reported missing.
1980: A french expedition is succesful with the 5th ascent and passes for the first time the south ridge.
1981: A Japanese team reocrds the 6th succesful ascent.
1982: A German expedition headed by G.Sturm climbs the Hidden Peak. G.Sturm, M.Dacher and S.Hupfauer get via a new route in the north face to the highest point. That year, the first woman reaches the summit and the first ski descent from the top of an 8000m peak is accomplished on Gasherbrum I.
1983: Teams from Switzerland, Poland and Spain are succesful, partially on new routes.
1984: Reinhold Messner and Hans Kammerlander climb Gasherbrum I and Gasherbrum II back to back, the first back to back climb of two 8000m peaks. The expedition was filmed by Werner Hezog ("Gasherbrum - Der leuchtende Berg").
First winter ascent of Gasherbrum I
On March 9, 2012 at 8.30 a.m., Polish climbers Adam Bielecki, 28, and Janusz Golab, 43, have completed the first ever winter ascent of Gasherbrum I. They climbed the mountain without supplemental oxygen. The team of four Polish and two Pakistani climbers spent 49 days on the ascent in extreme weather conditions with temperatures dropping to minus 35 Celsius (minus 31 Fahrenheit) and wind blowing at up to 100 kilometres (63 miles) per hour.
The same day Bielecki and Golab stood on Gasherbrum I. Austrian Gerfried Goschl, Swiss Cedric Hahlen Pakistani Nisar Hussain Sadpara went missing just 400 meters below the summit.
After the successful winter ascent of Gasherbrum II by Simone Moro, Denis Urubko und Cory Richards in 2011, this ascent by Bielecki and Golab is only the second of the five 8000m peaks in the Karakorum which has been climbed during winter. K 2 (8611 Meter), Broad Peak (8051 Meter) und Nanga Parbat (8125 Meter) have not been conquered yet during the winter season.
This is not for lack of trying. At the beginning of February 2012, a Russian team suffered the tragic loss of 44 year old Vitali Gorelik due to heart failure and called their expedition on K2 off. Mid February 2012, Simone Moro from Italy and Denis Urubko from Kazakhstan aborted their attempt on Nanga Parbat.
Gasherbrum I 2007